Whitney, Eli

   Born in Westborough, Massachusetts, the son of a farmer, Whitney graduated Phi Beta Kappa from Yale College in 1792. In 1793, he invented a mechanical device that separated seeds from cotton—until his invention, this was an arduous process. Known as a cotton gin, it automated the processing of cotton and was responsible for the economic development of the Southern United States and also helped to lower the cost of cotton textiles, which were in high demand during the Industrial Revolution. Whitney's concept of interchangeable rifle parts went on to surpass his cotton gin invention, which was so widely copied that he was forced out of business by 1797.

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  • Whitney, Eli — SUBJECT AREA: Textiles, Weapons and armour [br] b. 8 December 1765 Westborough, Massachusetts, USA d. 8 January 1825 New Haven, Connecticut, USA [br] American inventor of the cotton gin and manufacturer of firearms. [br] The son of a prosperous… …   Biographical history of technology

  • Whitney, Eli — born Dec. 8, 1765, Westboro, Mass., U.S. died Jan. 8, 1825, New Haven, Conn. U.S. inventor, engineer, and manufacturer. He is best remembered as the inventor of the cotton gin (1793), which led to greatly increased production of the short staple… …   Universalium

  • Whitney,Eli — Whit·ney (hwĭtʹnē, wĭtʹ ), Eli. 1765 1825. American inventor and manufacturer whose invention of the cotton gin (1793) revolutionized the cotton industry. He also established the first factory to assemble muskets with interchangeable parts,… …   Universalium

  • Whitney, Eli — (8 dic. 1765, Westboro, Mass., EE.UU.–8 ene. 1825, New Haven, Conn.). Inventor, ingeniero y fabricante estadounidense. Se lo recuerda principalmente por su invención de la desmotadora de algodón (1793), la que permitió aumentar la producción de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • WHITNEY, ELI —    an American inventor, born in Massachusetts; invented the cotton gin, a machine for cleaning seed cotton, and became a manufacturer of firearms, by which he realised a large fortune (1765 1825) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Eli Whitney — Éli Whitney  Pour l’article homonyme, voir Whitney.  Eli Whitney Eli Whitney (8 décembre  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Eli Whitney — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Eli Whitney (8 de diciembre de 1765 8 de enero de 1825) fue un inventor y fabricante estadounidense. Inventó la máquina para desgranar el algodón en 1793. Esta máquina era una unidad mecánica que separaba las… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Whitney — Whitney, William Dwight ► Monte del SO de E.U.A., en el estado de California, pico culminante de Sierra Nevada; 4 418 m. * * * (as used in expressions) Morrow, Dwight W(hitney) Whitney, Amos Whitney, Eli Whitney, Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney, John …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Eli Whitney, Jr. — Infobox Engineer image width = caption = name = Eli Whitney nationality = American birth date = December 8, 1765 birth place = Westborough, Massachusetts death date = January 8, 1825 death place = education = spouse = parents = children =… …   Wikipedia

  • Éli Whitney —  Pour l’article homonyme, voir Whitney.  Eli Whitney Eli Whitney (8 décembre 1765 – 8 ja …   Wikipédia en Français

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